Documentation versions (currently viewingVaadin 24)

Time Picker

Time Picker is an input field used for entering or selecting a specific time.

Time Picker is an input field for used entering or selecting a specific time.

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<vaadin-time-picker label="Alarm" value="07:00"></vaadin-time-picker>

The time can be entered directly using a keyboard, or by choosing a value from a set of predefined options presented in an overlay. The overlay opens when the field is clicked — or when any input is entered while the field is focused.


Time Picker’s step parameter defines the interval in seconds between the items displayed in the overlay. It also specifies the amount by which the time increases or decreases using the Up and Down arrow keys — when the overlay is disabled.

The default step is one hour (i.e., 3600 seconds). Unlike Number Field, Time Picker accepts values that don’t align with the specified step.

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  label="Meeting time"
  .step="${60 * 30}"
Use Common Steps
A step must evenly divide an hour or day. For example, "15 minutes" and "30 minutes" are valid steps for an hour, and "2 hours" is a valid step for a day, whereas "42 minutes" isn’t valid for either.

The displayed time format changes based on the step.

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<vaadin-time-picker label="Message received" value="15:45:08" step="1"></vaadin-time-picker>

Step Format

Less than 60 seconds.


Less than 1 second.


Limit Number of Steps
The overlay doesn’t appear for steps less than 900 seconds (i.e., 15 minutes), to avoid showing an impractical number of choices.

Auto Open

The overlay opens automatically when the field is focused using a pointer (i.e., a mouse or touch), or when the user types in the field. You can disable this so that the overlay opens only when the toggle button — or the Up or Down arrow keys — is pressed.

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  .step="${60 * 30}"


Minimum & Maximum Value

You can define a minimum and maximum value for Time Picker if you need to restrict the input to a specific range:

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  label="Appointment time"
  helper-text="Open 8:00-16:00"
  .step="${60 * 30}"
  @change="${(event: TimePickerChangeEvent) => {
    const { min, max, value } =;
    if (value < min) {
      this.errorMessage = 'Too early, choose another time';
    } else if (value > max) {
      this.errorMessage = 'Too late, choose another time';
    } else {
      this.errorMessage = '';

Custom Validation

If the minimum and maximum values aren’t sufficient for validation, you can also apply custom validation.

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private binder = new Binder(this, AppointmentModel);

protected override firstUpdated() {
    message: 'The selected time is not available',
    validate: (startTime: string) =>
      (startTime >= '08:00' && startTime <= '12:00') ||
      (startTime >= '13:00' && startTime <= '16:00'),

protected override render() {
  return html`
      label="Appointment time"
      helper-text="Open 8:00-12:00, 13:00-16:00"
      .step="${60 * 30}"

Basic Features

The following features, common to most input field components, are supported:


The label is used to identify the input field. It supports plain-text content, and its length is limited to the width of the field. Helpers and Tooltips can be used to provide additional information that doesn’t fit into the label.

Visible labels are strongly recommended for all input fields. In cases where the built-in label cannot be used, an external element can be associated as the field’s label through the aria-labelledby attribute. Fields without any visible label should include an invisible label for assistive technologies with the aria-label attribute.


Helpers are used to provide additional information that the user may need to enter in the field, such as format requirements or explanations of the field’s purpose below the field.

A style variant is available for rendering the helper above the field.

In addition to plain text, helpers can contain components and HTML elements. However, complex and interactive content is likely to have accessibility issues.


The placeholder is text that’s displayed when the field is empty. Its primary purpose is to provide a short input hint (e.g., the expected format) in situations where a Helper cannot be used.

Placeholders should not be used as a replacement for a visible label. They can be mistaken for a manually entered value. See Label for alternatives to the built-in field label.


Tooltips are small text pop-ups displayed on hover, and on keyboard-focus. They can be used to provide additional information about a field. This can be useful in situations where an always visible Helper is not appropriate. Helpers are generally recommended in favor of tooltips, though, as they provide much better discoverability and mobile support. See the Tooltip documentation for more information.

Clear Button

The clear button — which is displayed when the field is not empty — clears the field’s current value. Although the button itself is not keyboard focusable, the clear action can be taken with the Esc key, when the field has focus. The clear button can be especially useful in search and filter fields, where users often need to clear the value. They’re less useful, however, in regular forms.


A prefix element — rendered at the start of the field — can be used to display units, icons, and similar visual cues to the field’s purpose or format.

Prefix elements typically don’t work well with assistive technologies like screen readers. Therefore, the information communicated by them should also be conveyed through other means, such as in a Label, a Helper or through ARIA attributes on the field itself.

External & Invisible Labels (ARIA)

Visible labels are strongly recommended for all input fields. In situations where the built-in label cannot be used, an external element can be associated as the field’s label through its element id. Fields without any visible label should be provided an invisible label for assistive technologies like screen readers.

<!-- Associates external element as label: -->
<label id="external-label">This is the label</label>
<vaadin-time-picker accessible-name-ref="external-label">...

<!-- Invisible label for screen readers: -->
<vaadin-time-picker accessible-name="This is the label">...
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  helper-text="Helper text"
  <vaadin-tooltip slot="tooltip" text="Tooltip text"></vaadin-tooltip>
  <vaadin-icon slot="prefix" icon="vaadin:vaadin-h"></vaadin-icon>

Read-Only & Disabled

Fields used to display values should be set to read-only mode to prevent editing. Read-only fields are focusable and visible to screen readers. They can display tooltips. Their values can be selected and copied.

Fields that are currently unavailable should be disabled. The reduced contrast of disabled fields makes them inappropriate for displaying information. They can’t be focused or display tooltips. They’re invisible to screen readers, and their values cannot be selected and copied.

Disabled fields can be useful in situations where they can become enabled based on some user action. Consider hiding fields entirely if there’s nothing the user can do to make them editable.

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<vaadin-time-picker readonly label="Read-only" value="07:00"></vaadin-time-picker>

<vaadin-time-picker disabled label="Disabled"></vaadin-time-picker>

Style Variants

The following style variants can be applied:

Text Alignment

Three different text alignments are supported: left, which is the default; center; and right.

Right-alignment is recommended for numerical values when presented in vertical groups. This tends to aid interpretation and comparison of values.

Small Variant

The small variant can be used to make individual fields more compact. The default size of fields can be customized with style properties.

Helper Above Field

The helper can be rendered above the field, and below the label.


Borders can be applied to the field surface by providing a value (e.g., 1px) to the --vaadin-input-field-border-width CSS property. This can be applied globally to all input fields using the html selector, or to individual component instances. Borders are required to achieve WCAG 2.1 level AA conformant color contrast with the default Lumo styling of fields.

You can override the default border color with the --vaadin-input-field-border-color property.

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  theme="align-right small helper-above-field"
  helper-text="Helper text"
  style="--vaadin-input-field-border-width: 1px;"

Best Practices

Use Time Picker when the user needs to choose a time of day. Don’t use it for durations, such as for a stopwatch or timer.

Component Usage Recommendation

Date Picker

Input field for entering or selecting a specific date.

Date Time Picker

Input field for entering or selecting a specific date and time.