Documentation

Documentation versions (currently viewingVaadin 23)
New Acceleration Kits: Observability Kit, SSO Kit, and Swing Kit. Read the blog post.

Registering Routes Dynamically

In addition to registering routes and route templates using the @Route annotation, you can add and remove routes dynamically at runtime. This is useful, for example, when a route should be added or removed based on changed business data or application configuration at startup.

The RouteConfiguration class can be used to limit route access to:

  • all users using the application scope, or

  • only certain active users using the session scope.

You can access the scope using the static methods forSessionScope() and forApplicationScope() from the RouteConfiguration class.

Note
All components annotated with @Route are added to the application scope at startup, unless the registerAtStartup element has been set to false.

Configuring User-Specific Routes

You can add and remove routes for certain users, for example, based on their access rights.

Example: Adding admin and home views for users with an active session.

RouteConfiguration.forSessionScope()
        .setRoute(
                "admin", //path
                AdminView.class //navigation target
         );

// parent layouts can be given as a vargargs parameter
RouteConfiguration.forSessionScope()
        .setRoute(
                "home", //path
                HomeView.class, //navigation target
                MainLayout.class //one or more parents
        );

Any registered @Route in the application scope can be overridden for a specific user in the session scope.

The routes in the session scope are accessible for the current user only for as long as the session is valid. When the session is invalidated by the user logging out, the session-scoped routes are no longer available. It’s unnecessary to manually remove these routes.

Removing Routes

When removing routes, you need to define precisely which route to remove.

Examples:

  • Removing a navigation target (AdminView.class) with all possible route aliases and route templates registered to it.

    RouteConfiguration configuration = RouteConfiguration
            .forSessionScope();
    // No view AdminView will be available
    configuration.removeRoute(AdminView.class);
  • Removing a path ("admin"), which only removes the target mapped to it.

    // No path "admin" will be available
    configuration.removeRoute("admin");
Note
Removing a route in the session scope that had previously overridden a route in the application scope makes the application-scoped route accessible once again.
Note
When dynamically registering a route, any annotations on classes are ignored, unless the method used contains Annotated; for example, setAnnotatedRoute(). See Dynamic Registration of @Route Annotated Classes later in this article for more.

For further related information, see:

Adding Routes on Application Startup

You can register routes during application startup using the ServiceInitLister.

Example: Using ServiceInitLister to register a route during deployment.

public class ApplicationServiceInitListener
        implements VaadinServiceInitListener {

    @Override
    public void serviceInit(ServiceInitEvent event) {
        // add view only during development time
        if (!event.getSource()
                .getDeploymentConfiguration()
                .isProductionMode()) {
            RouteConfiguration configuration =
               RouteConfiguration.forApplicationScope();

            configuration.setRoute(
                "crud", //path
                DBCrudView.class //navigation target
            );
        }
    }
}

Getting Registered Routes and Listening for Changes

When routes are registered dynamically, you may need to update UI components, such as navigation menus, based on the added or removed routes.

You can retrieve the registered route templates using the getAvailableRoutes() method from the RouteConfiguration. To be notified of route changes, you can register a listener using the addRoutesChangeListener() method.

Note
You should use the session registry to monitor changes, because it contains all the routes that are available for the current user.

Example: Getting available routes and registering a routes change listener.

RouteConfiguration configuration = RouteConfiguration
        .forSessionScope();
// add all currently available views
configuration.getAvailableRoutes()
        .forEach(menu::addMenuItem);

// add and remove menu items when routes are added and
// removed
configuration.addRoutesChangeListener(event -> {
    // ignoring any route alias changes
    event.getAddedRoutes().stream()
            .filter(route -> route instanceof RouteData)
            .forEach(menu::addMenuItem);
    event.getRemovedRoutes().stream()
            .filter(route -> route instanceof RouteData)
            .forEach(menu::removeMenuItem);
});

Adding Route Aliases for Dynamic Routes

When adding dynamic routes, the first route for which a navigation target is added is marked as the main route, which can be retrieved by the getUrl() methods in RouteConfiguration.

Any additional registered route is considered a route alias.

Example: Adding multiple routes as navigation targets in a RouteConfiguration.

RouteConfiguration configuration =
        RouteConfiguration.forSessionScope();
configuration.setRoute("main", MyRoute.class);
configuration.setRoute("info", MyRoute.class);
configuration.setRoute("version", MyRoute.class);

In this scenario, the configuration.getUrl(MyRoute.class) method returns main.

Example: Static class definition equivalent of the previous route registration example.

@Route("main")
@RouteAlias("info")
@RouteAlias("version")
private class MyRoute extends Div {
}

If the "main" path is removed and an alias path remains available for use, the first alias in the registry becomes the main path.

Warning
Be cautious when adding or removing routes from the ApplicationRouteRegistry, because this impacts every user of the system.

Dynamic Registration of @Route Annotated Classes

If you want to map all routes in the same way using the @Route annotation, you can configure the routes statically, but postpone registration until runtime.

To skip static registration to the application-scoped registry on start-up, add the registerAtStartup = false parameter to the @Route annotation. This also makes it easier to use existing parent chains and paths that are modified from the parent.

Example: Using the registerAtStartup parameter to postpone route registration.

@Route(value = "quarterly-report",
       layout = MainLayout.class,
       registerAtStartup = false)
@RouteAlias(value = "qr", layout = MainLayout.class)
public class ReportView extends VerticalLayout
        implements HasUrlParameter<String> {
    // implementation omitted
}

// register the above view during runtime
if (getCurrentUser().hasAccessToReporting()) {
    RouteConfiguration.forSessionScope()
            .setAnnotatedRoute(ReportView.class);
}

Example: Adding a New View on User Log-in

This example demonstrates how to add a new view on user log-in. Two types of users exist: admin users and normal users. After log-in, a different view is shown depending on the user’s access rights.

The demo application contains:

  • The LoginPage class, which defines a statically registered route, "". This route is mapped to the log-in used for user authentication.

    @Route("")
    public class LoginPage extends Div {
    
        private TextField login;
        private PasswordField password;
    
        public LoginPage() {
            login = new TextField("Login");
            password = new PasswordField("Password");
    
            Button submit = new Button("Submit",
                    this::handleLogin);
    
            add(login, password, submit);
        }
    
        private void handleLogin(
                ClickEvent<Button> buttonClickEvent) {
        }
    }
  • The MainLayout class, which contains a menu.

    public class MainLayout extends Div
            implements RouterLayout {
        public MainLayout() {
            // Implementation omitted, but could contain
            // a menu.
        }
    }
  • The InfoView class, which defines the "info" route. This route isn’t statically registered, because it has the registerAtStartup = false parameter.

    @Route(value = "info", layout = MainLayout.class,
           registerAtStartup = false)
    public class InfoView extends Div {
        public InfoView() {
            add(new Span("This page contains info about "
                    + "the application"));
        }
    }

After log-in, add a new route is added, depending on the access rights of the user. Two available targets are possible:

  • AdminView class.

    public class AdminView extends Div {
    }
  • UserView class.

    public class UserView extends Div {
    }

The LoginPage class handles adding only to the user session as follows:

private void handleLogin(
        ClickEvent<Button> buttonClickEvent) {
    // Validation of credentials is skipped

    RouteConfiguration configuration =
            RouteConfiguration.forSessionScope();

    if ("admin".equals(login.getValue())) {
        configuration.setRoute("", AdminView.class,
                MainLayout.class);
    } else if ("user".equals(login.getValue())) {
        configuration.setRoute("", UserView.class,
                MainLayout.class);
    }

    configuration.setAnnotatedRoute(InfoView.class);

    UI.getCurrent().getPage().reload();
}
  • A new target for the path "" is added to the session-scoped route registry. The new target overrides the application-scoped path "" for the user.

  • The InfoView class is added using the layout setup, configured using the @Route annotation. It’s registered to the path "info" with the same MainLayout as the parent layout.

Note
Other users on other sessions still get a log-in for the "" path and can’t access "info".

395A949E-3CE5-4B2D-B080-4519E702E652