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Where to put createEntityManagerFactory() ?

ts chan
1 decade ago Sep 05, 2010 11:57pm
Sami Ekblad
1 decade ago Sep 08, 2010 1:00pm

Not that I could say anything how this should be with JPA and this may be too obvious, but if you add a singleton pattern instead of calling it on app.init() it will be instantiated once per JVM. Everything is shared between all application instances then.

Bobby Bissett
1 decade ago Sep 08, 2010 6:11pm

ts chan:
Which brought us to the main question as per subject line: where/when do I call the JPA method ? Or am i doing it wrong? :)

I don't think you can really do it wrong in this case. As Sami points out, you can create a singleton for it in your application class (I assume as a static variable in the class). Since the factory is thread safe, it's fine to share it this way. If you did it once per session instead, I don't think you're causing much overhead. But it's a non-zero amount of time, so you might as well avoid it.

(In some basic testing of mine with Tomcat 6 on Mac OS, I see separate objects for each call to createEntityManagerFactory rather than some cached value like Loggers.)

Anyway, sharing it among instances is fine. I think it's a little cleaner to not create it in the Vaadin Application class however. You could write a simple Servlet that extends Vaadin's AbstractApplicationServlet, create the entity manager factory there, and pass it into a custom constructor on your Application object. Something like this:

public class MyServlet extends AbstractApplicationServlet {

    EntityManagerFactory emf = //...

    protected Class<? extends Application> getApplicationClass() {
        return MyVaadinApp.class;

    protected Application getNewApplication(HttpServletRequest request) throws ServletException {
        return new MyVaadinApp(service);

It's a little more work, but if you ever move to another container you could inject all kinds of resources in the servlet to pass into the Vaadin application class. I have some full EE examples where I do this to pass an EJB reference into my application. Just make sure you're only doing it with thread-safe classes!


ts chan
1 decade ago Sep 08, 2010 6:26pm